Option trading is a captivating trading strategy that provides you with unique opportunities to profit from market movements without owning the underlying assets. However, navigating the world of options can be intimidating for beginners.

That’s whether you’re a rookie or an experienced trader looking to expand your knowledge, understanding the basics of options trading is crucial.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of option trading basics, focusing on calls, puts, and options chains. Enrolling yourself in an option trading course for beginners can also help you. 

What is a Call Option?

Call options provide you with the right, but not the obligation, to buy an underlying asset at a fixed price (strike price) within a certain timeframe. As the holder of a call option, you have the power to exercise this right when you anticipate the price of the underlying asset to increase.

For example, let’s say Rahul buys a call option on ABC Company stock at a strike price of Rs. 100. If the stock price rises to Rs. 120 before the option expires, Rahul can exercise his option, buying the contract at Rs. 100 and immediately selling it at the higher market price of Rs. 120, thus making a profit.

What is the Put Option?

Put options are an essential component of options trading. As a trader, you need to understand that a put option offers you the right, but not the obligation, to sell an underlying asset at a specific price and time.

A put option is a wager on the asset’s price falling. This lets you hedge against market downturns or profit from falling prices. Understanding put options empowers you to manage risk and strategically take advantage of market opportunities.

What are Option Chains?

When diving into the world of options trading, you’ll inevitably encounter the term “option chains.” But what exactly are option chains? Well, they serve as a comprehensive display of all available options contracts for a particular underlying asset.

Option chains offer strike prices, expiration dates, bid/ask prices, and more. You can evaluate options and make trading strategy-based judgments by investigating an option chain.

An option chain is a tabular representation of the various options contracts available for a specific underlying asset, such as a stock or an index. Within an option chain, you can find the following components:

  • Strike Prices
  • Expiration Dates
  • Call Options
  • Put Options
  • Bid Price
  • Ask Price
  • Volume
  • Open Interest
  • Implied Volatility.
  • Greek (Delta, Gamma, Theta, Vega)

Options Trading Course

When engaging in options trading, one crucial aspect you must keep in mind is the significance of continuous learning. To enhance your understanding and skills, you can consider enrolling in online courses. Upsurge.club provides one of the best option trading courses in the market that can help you learn the ins and outs of this derivative.

Upsurge.club’s courses on option trading teach you risk management, market analysis, and option strategy. In the fast-paced world of options trading, having in-depth knowledge can help you make smart judgments, reduce risks, and succeed.


Understanding the basics of options trading, such as calls, puts, and options chains, you have equipped yourself with valuable knowledge for navigating the world of investing. Mastering these fundamentals allows you to make informed decisions and explore various trading strategies. You can also enroll in an option trading course for beginners provided by Upsurge.club to start your journey.  

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