Cobots, also known as collaborative robots, are a type of robot that works alongside human workers to complete tasks. Unlike traditional industrial robots, cobots are designed to be safe and easy to use, with sensors and other features that allow them to interact with human workers in a shared workspace.

One crucial component of a cobot system is the gripper, which is the mechanism that allows the robot to pick up and manipulate objects. There are two main types of grippers: pneumatic and hydraulic.

Pneumatic Grippers

A pneumatic gripper use compressed air to open and close the gripper’s jaws. They are typically lighter and less expensive than hydraulic grippers and can operate at high speeds. Pneumatic grippers are ideal for applications that require fast and precise gripping, such as pick-and-place operations in manufacturing.


One common use case for pneumatic grippers is in the food and beverage industry, where they handle products like bottles and cans on high-speed production lines. Pneumatic grippers are also used in the automotive industry, where they are used to pick up and move parts on assembly lines.

The benefits of pneumatic grippers include their speed, precision, and affordability. They are also easy to install and maintain, making them popular for many industrial applications.

Hydraulic Grippers

Hydraulic grippers, on the other hand, use pressurized fluid to operate the gripper’s jaws. They are typically heavier and more expensive than pneumatic grippers but can generate higher gripping forces and operate at higher temperatures. Hydraulic grippers are ideal for applications that require high gripping force, such as heavy-duty material handling and assembly operations.

One common use case for hydraulic grippers is in the aerospace industry, where they are used to handle large and heavy parts during assembly. Hydraulic grippers are also used in the construction industry, where they are used to handle concrete blocks and other heavy materials.

The benefits of hydraulic grippers include their high gripping force and ability to operate at high temperatures. They are also more durable than pneumatic grippers, making them ideal for heavy-duty applications.

In summary, both pneumatic and hydraulic grippers are essential components of cobot systems. Pneumatic grippers are ideal for fast and precise gripping, while hydraulic grippers are best for heavy-duty applications that require high gripping force. By understanding the differences between these two types of grippers, businesses can select the best option for their specific needs and optimize their cobot system for maximum efficiency and productivity.

Other parts that form a cobot

Cobots, or collaborative robots, are versatile machines that can be equipped with a variety of parts and accessories to perform different tasks. Here are some of the most common parts and components that are found in cobots:

  1. End Effectors: End effectors are the tools or devices that attach to the end of the robot arm to perform specific tasks. Grippers are one type of end effector, but other examples include suction cups, cameras, lasers, and welding tools.
  2. Sensors: Sensors are used to detect the presence of objects or humans in the cobot’s workspace. They can include cameras, ultrasonic sensors, and infrared sensors.
  3. Control Units: Control units are the brains of the cobot and are responsible for managing the robot’s movements, actions, and responses. They can include programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and software-based control systems.
  4. Power Sources:Cobots require a power source to operate and can be powered by electricity, batteries, or pneumatic systems.
  5. Safety Features:Cobots are designed to work safely around humans and often include features such as force limiting, collision detection, and emergency stop buttons to prevent accidents and injuries.

Overall, the specific parts and components found in a cobot will depend on the specific application and task it is designed to perform. Cobots can be customized to meet various industrial and commercial needs by selecting the right parts and accessories.

Are cobots safe?

Cobots, or collaborative robots, are designed to work safely with humans in a shared workspace. Several key features make cobots safe to operate around humans:

  1. Sensor Technology:Cobots are equipped with advanced sensor technology that allows them to detect the presence of humans in their workspace. They can detect when a human is nearby and slow down or stop their movements to prevent collisions and accidents.
  2. Force Limiting:Cobots are designed with force-limiting technology that limits the amount of force they can apply. This means that if a cobot collides with a human, it will not exert enough force to cause serious injury.
  3. Lightweight Design:Cobots are typically lighter and smaller than traditional industrial robots. This makes them easier to move and reposition, reducing the risk of injury in a collision.
  4. Easy Programming:Cobots are designed to be easy to program and operate, with intuitive interfaces that allow non-technical users to quickly set up and control the robot.
  5. Safety Standards:Cobots are built to comply with safety standards and regulations, including ISO and ANSI safety standards. This ensures that they meet minimum safety requirements and are safe to operate in a shared workspace.

These features work together to make cobots safe to operate around humans. They allow cobots to collaborate with human workers, increasing productivity and efficiency while reducing the risk of accidents and injuries. As a result, cobots are increasingly being used in a wide range of industries, from manufacturing and healthcare to logistics and agriculture. Protection Status